What are the exact signs and symptoms of diphtheria disease? Diphtheria is an infectious disease caused by Coryne bacterium diphtheriae.
These bacteria spread through three routes, namely sneezing and contamination of personal items (if using a glass of unsaved patients). Diphtheria can also be transmitted through contamination of household goods (usually through simultaneous goods, such as towels or toys).
In addition, you can get diphtheria if you touch the wound of an infected person. Although easily transmitted from one person to another, diphtheria can be prevented by vaccination.
Can be prevented by vaccination
Diphtheria is actually an old disease. Since 1990, cases of diphtheria disease are almost nonexistent. Then diphtheria reappeared in 2009 and was successfully prevented again by vaccine. The prevention vaccine is called DPT vaccine (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus), TD (Tetanus and Diphtheria), and DT (Diphtheria and Tetanus).
DPT vaccine should ideally be given five times to a five-year-old child, according to the schedule of the Immunization. Meanwhile, DT vaccine is given once when the child is seven years old. Meanwhile, TD vaccine is given every 10 years since the age of 18 years.
Signs of diphtheria disease often appear within two to five days after infection occurs. Some people do not experience any symptoms, while others have mild symptoms similar to the common cold.
Symptoms of diphtheria disease are most common
The most visible and common symptoms of diphtheria perceived by infected patients are less high fever (about 38 degrees Celsius), the appearance of a thick gray layer in the throat, and easily bleeding if released. Other common symptoms include:
- Hard to breathe.
- Fever to chills.
- Swollen neck gland (bull neck).
- Pain on the throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Feeling uncomfortable or unwell as during other infectious diseases.
- Pale and cold skin, sweating, and rapid heartbeat.
According to the Mayo Clinic, the disease can be fatal in about three percent of cases. If left untreated, diphtheria disease can cause severe damage to your kidneys, nervous system, and heart.
Therefore, if you find symptoms of diphtheria as above on yourself or one of the family members, you need to contact your doctor immediately.